Neuron机器人木构,南京 / 东南大学建筑运算与应用研究所

结合了运算化设计和机器人制造技术

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非常感谢 东南大学建筑学院建筑运算与应用研究所 将以下内容授权gooood发行。
Appreciation towards Institute of Architectural Algorithms & Applications, Southeast University for providing the following description:

Neuron木构结合了运算化设计(Computational Design)和机器人制造(Robotic Fabrication)技术,在南京大学校园内建成了约7米跨度的新型木质构筑物。构件之间的连接完全由榫卯实现,无需钉子、胶水或螺栓固定。

The Neuron project built a novel thin-shell structure with advanced methods of computational design & robotic fabrication. The wood pavilion, located in the campus at Nanjing University, spans about seven meters. The entire installation is made of 61 pieces of irregular plywood panels connected by their own “fingers”, without any nails or glue.

▼木制穹顶跨度约七米,校园内的行人可在其中穿梭或停留,the pavilion has a seven-meter span which can accommodate pedestrians around the courtyard.

▼从构筑物内部仰视庭院,look up from the pavilion.

设计团队在Java编程语言下开发了迭代优化算法,生成纯压力(表面无剪力)薄壳曲面,并结合现场庭院内的人流为构筑物设置了合理的开口位置与大小。整个曲面由61个形似神经元细胞(Neuron)的异形木构件组成。构件的设计充分考虑了力学性能、构造合理性、可加工性、视觉效果等因素。每个构件的“触角”用来传递构件之间的压力,而触角之间形成的孔洞在整个曲面上体现出独特的韵律。

The team developed an iterative algorithm in Java programming language to generate a compression-only shell structure. The shell’s openings are associated with the settings of the courtyard. The geometries of the plywood panels are concerned with structural stability, tectonic feasibility, manufacture constraints, and visual effects. Each neuron-shaped panel has several “synapses” which bear the pressure between the panels. The boundaries of synapses from adjacent panels make a continuous outline of a hole. These holes endow the entire surface with a unique pattern.

▼木构件之间的孔洞形成了独特的韵律,these holes endow the entire surface with a unique pattern.

所有木构件的制造都由数控加工完成:先由CNC(Computer Numeric Control)木工机从25mm桦木胶合板上切割出构件的轮廓,再由Kuka六轴机器人完成每个构件“触角”处的榫卯加工。全新的榫卯构造设计,一方面确保了连接的有效性和便捷性,另一方面充分结合了机器人铣削加工的特性。设计团队用Java程序输出木工机的G-code代码和Kuka机器人的KRL代码,并发布了http://javakuka.com开源代码库,完全实现了机器人运动编程的自主化。

Neuron木构的建成体现了数字化设计与智能制造相结合的优势,预示着建筑设计智能化和建造智能化的未来。该项目从头至尾无需任何(纸质或数字化)图纸,而是构建了从形态设计、结构优化、构筑设计到加工建造的数字化链条。

The panels are manufactured by Computer Numeric Control (CNC) machines. First, a milling machine cuts the panels out of the rectangular plywood sheets (25mm). Second, a Kuka 6-axis robot creates the “fingers” on the synapses of each panel, so that the adjacent panels can be firmly connect with their fingers. The design of fingers are tailored for robotic milling and pavilion’s in situ assembly. Both the G-code for driving the milling machine and the KRL sources files for driving the Kuka robot are created by the same Java program that generates the shell’s geometry. An open-source library http://javakuka.com is also published for programming Kuka robot in Java.

The Neuron pavilion shows the advantages of integrating computational design and digital fabrication. It features a continuous digital chain from early-stage design, form finding, structural optimization, to manufacture.

▼榫卯细部,details of the finger connection.

▼机器人加工现场和搭建完成时的场景,the lab of robotic fabrication and the completion of the in situ assembly.

Youtube:https://youtu.be/jR8ESaD2EG8

链接:http://javakuka.com (javakuka开源代码库) http://www.labaaa.org(建筑运算与应用研究所)
指导:李飚,华好,唐芃(东南大学 建筑运算与应用研究所)
助教:梅琳丽,刘宁琳,郭翰宸,王嘉城,李鸿渐 (东南大学)
参与学生:王浩哲 徐沙 谢江涛 刘上 莫怡晨 吴帆 文涵 陈硕 熊攀
主创:东南大学建筑学院 建筑运算与应用研究所
工作坊主办:中国建筑学会建筑师分会数字建筑设计专业委员会(DADA)
工作坊承办:南京大学建筑与城市规划学院
技术支持:南京耀阳科技有限公司 上海欣志机器人系统有限公司

link:http://javakuka.com (javakuka open-source library) http://www.labaaa.org(Institute of Architectural Algorithms & Applications)
Tutor: Li Biao, Hua Hao, Tang Teng. (Institute of Architectural Algorithms & Applications, Southeast University)
Assistant:Mei Linli, Guo Hanchen, Wang Jiacheng, Li Hongjian. (Southeast University)

More: Institute of Architectural Algorithms & Applications, Southeast University



发表评论

2 评论

  1. Profile photo of 无心道人

    这和机器人没什么关系吧。。 用激光切割机也能切,而且这个造型连参数化都不是,就是一个多面体切了一些孔洞,有的孔洞还有bug
    当成建造练习挺好的

  2. Profile Photo

    呵呵呵,这个粗糙的东西是啥

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