夹缝住宅,大阪 / Shogo ARATANI Architect & Associates

居住密集区的丰富设计

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感谢 Shogo ARATANI Architect & Associates 予gooood分享以下内容。更多关于他们: Shogo ARATANI Architect & Associates on gooood
Appreciation towards Shogo ARATANI Architect & Associates for providing the following description:

建筑位于大阪一处密集居住区。住宅的所有者自幼便居住于此,因此,在住宅设计过程中,设计师充分采纳了居住者的意见,了解住宅最真实的周边环境。经过协商与讨论,设计师与所有者均认为,一栋充满趣味与创造性的住宅会是这户家庭的最优之选。

住宅被困于邻里建筑之间,结构下狭窄的通道仅能允许一人通过,且已经被空调机及外墙水暖设备严重阻塞。种种因素让住户常年感受不到自然光线,并长久生活在潮湿的环境之中。将建筑后退于邻里建筑红线之内无疑会改变其自然采光,但同时也会令其与周围邻里环境相异,展现出各种形式下的不和谐。设计师否定了这种建造方式,相反的他们维持了建筑于夹缝中的紧凑外观。

▼夹缝中的住宅,the property is boxed in by neighboring houses

This property is located in a densely developed residential neighborhood of Osaka. The client had lived on the site since childhood, so when he commissioned us to design a new house there, we began by soliciting extensive input from him because he of course knew the characteristics of the site intimately. Following these discussions, we decided we wanted to build a house that would enable him to discover new things within this familiar place.  

The property is boxed in by neighboring houses. The space between the structures is just wide enough for a person to pass through, and is further obstructed by air conditioning units and water heaters on the exterior walls. Probably due to this environment, the client had struggled for many years with a lack of natural light and problematic dampness in the house. Setting the new structure back from the surrounding properties would have allowed in more natural light, but this type of design would also have introduced an alien element into the neighborhood, and we therefore did not feel that it was the best solution. Instead, we sought a design that intentionally maintained the densely packed atmosphere.

设计师尽量延续建筑原来的结构体系,将其尽可能与相邻建筑靠拢,并营造了三面花园。风与自然光于建筑下方的开口灌入园中,映入室内。与之相似,在建筑的另一面也设置了开口。其正立面切分成两部分,展现了与周围建筑近似的尺寸,却又在整体上两倍与其他建筑。

The solution we arrived at was to build out as close as possible to the neighboring houses, tracing the silhouette of the previous structure, but to also carve out small gardens on three sides. The breezes that pass down the gaps between the houses enter these concave gardens, flowing into the interior along with natural light.  A similar hollow on the fourth side of the house (the street side) contains the approach. The frontage of this house is about twice as long as that of its neighbors, but because the hollow divides the façade into two sections, it fits in with the scale of the surrounding houses.

▼一分为二的正立面设计在视觉上维持与邻里建筑近似的尺寸,the hollow divides the façade into two sections in which it fits the scale of the surrounding houses

独特的外观决定了建筑内部的功能分区。建筑各空间以中央区域为交汇点,该中心区域拥有两倍天花板高度,金属花网通道环绕此空间而设,并将各功能空间串联。开阔的空间让自然光不同以往的充斥其中。设计师希望该设计可以令居住者享受长久的舒适居住环境。

The four indentations divide the interior space into zones that serve different functions. They are connected by a centrally located main room, which has a double-height ceiling and a lacey expanded-metal floor on the upper level. This allows soft light to enter the space from four directions, creating a living environment diametrically opposed to the one which the client previously inhabited. It is our hope that the house will allow the family to enjoy their life in this neighborhood, both now and in future generations.  

▼建筑入口,the entrance

   

▼住宅以客厅为中央连通区域,the functional rooms are connected by a centrally located main room

▼两倍的天花板高度令室内光线充足,the double height ceiling in the central room lets in plenty of natural light

▼金属花网楼梯环绕中央空间将各功能区串联, a lacey expanded-metal floor on the upper level connects the rooms

   

▼室内外多洞口设计让空间联系更加紧密, holes on the wall make more connections in the space

▼平面图,plan

▼剖面图,section

location : Neyagawa-shi, Osaka
use : house
architect : Shogo ARATANI Architect & Associates
consultant : S3 Associates inc.
general contractor : IFA inc.
structural system : timber flame
site area : 119.68m2
building area : 71.63m2
total floor area : 120.26m2
photo : Shigeo Ogawa

English text: Shogo ARATANI Architect & Associates
Chinese text: gooood editor Lu Lu

More: Shogo ARATANI Architect & Associates 更多关于他们: Shogo ARATANI Architect & Associates on gooood



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  1. Profile photo of Mr SevenZ

    户外的压缩机是怎么回事!

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